Urinary Tract Infection Quiz Symptoms Treatment Causes

Urinary Tract Infection Quiz Symptoms Treatment Causes

Urinary Tract Infection Quiz

How much urine does the average adult pass each day?

An average adult passes about 1½ quarts (6 cups) of urine daily. This amount varies depending on how much you eat and drink and how active you are. During the night, your body produces about half the volume of urine that is produced during the day.

1 gallon 1½ gallons 1 ½ quarts 2 pints

What is the most common cause of a urinary tract infection (UTI)?

The most common cause of a UTI is the bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli), typically found in the colon. Sexual intercourse can introduce these bacteria into the urinary tract and lead to a bladder infection (cystitis). Other bacteria including Chlamydia, Mycoplasma, and Gonorrhea, as well as the herpes virus, can cause infections of the urethra (urethritis).

Escherichia coli (E. coli) Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) Chlamydia Mycoplasma

Which is a common UTI risk factor in adults?

  • Enlarged prostate in men
  • Catheters placed in the urethra and bladder
  • Diabetes
  • Spinal cord injury or other nerve injury around the bladder
  • Sexual intercourse, including anal intercourse
  • Condom use during pregnancy
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Kidney or urinary stones
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Enlarged prostate Catheter usage Diabetes All of the above

What are signs and symptoms of a UTI in adults?

  • Pain or burning when urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Blood in the urine
  • Fever
  • Back pain
  • Nausea or vomiting

Frequent urge to urinate Pain during urination Milky/cloudy urine All of the above

How many people in the U.S. visit the doctor each year to be treated for a UTI?

About 8.1 million people visit the doctor each year in the U.S. to be treated for a UTI. Women are more susceptible to UTIs due to their shorter urethra and its proximity to the anus and vagina, which are sources of bacteria.

8.1 million 20.2 million 100,000 1.7 million

To prevent urinary tract infections, some doctors recommend that people drink which liquid?

Cranberry juice has long been touted as a home remedy to prevent UTIs. The active ingredient in cranberries, A-type proanthocyanidins (PACs), has been shown to inhibit bacterial adhesion to the bladder wall. However, a large concentration of cranberry is required for this effect, which is not typically found in commercial juices. Drinking water can have a similar effect by helping to flush bacteria from the body.

Lemonade Cranberry juice Green tea Apple juice

On average, what percentage of pregnant women develops UTIs?

About 1.5% of women in the U.S. develop a UTI during pregnancy. Hormonal changes and the pressure of a growing uterus may contribute to the increased incidence of UTIs in pregnant women, with kidney involvement being more common than bladder infections.

50% 25% 10%-15% About 1.5%

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Which antibiotics are used in the treatment of uncomplicated UTIs?

  • trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim, Septra, Cotrim)
  • nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Furadantin)
  • fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • cephalexin (Keflex)
  • trimethoprim (Trimpex)
  • amoxicillin (Amoxil, Trimox, Wymox)
  • ampicillin (Omnipen, Polycillin, Principen, Totacillin)

How can women prevent urinary tract infections?

  • Urinate when you feel the need
  • Always wipe from front to back to prevent spreading bacteria from the anus or vagina to the urethra
  • Avoid douches or feminine hygiene sprays
  • Take showers instead of baths
  • Wear cotton underwear and avoid tight-fitting garments
  • Drink more water
  • Empty the bladder after sexual activity
  • Avoid using spermicides
  • Use tampons instead of pads during menstrual periods

Wipe from back to front Use feminine hygiene sprays and scented douches Urinate when you feel the need; don’t resist the urge to urinate All of the above

A pregnant woman who develops a UTI needs prompt treatment to avoid:

A pregnant woman who develops a UTI must receive prompt treatment to prevent a kidney infection. A kidney infection during pregnancy can lead to high blood pressure, premature delivery, and low birth weight.

Premature delivery of her baby High blood pressure A and B None of the above

Which is NOT a common cause of UTIs in men?

Erectile dysfunction is not a common cause of UTIs in men. Urinary stones, an enlarged prostate, and catheter usage can obstruct urine flow and lead to UTIs.

Erectile dysfunction Catheter usage Urinary stone Enlarged prostate

Which of the following may provide some relief from UTI pain?

Urinary tract infections can cause pain. Home remedies that may provide relief include using a heating pad and drinking plenty of water to flush bacteria from the urinary tract.

A heating pad Drinking plenty of water A and B None of the above

What percentage of women who have a UTI will have another?

About 20% of women will experience at least one UTI in their lifetime. Approximately 20% of those women will have a second UTI, and up to 30% of those women will have a third. Among women with a third UTI, around 80% will experience recurrent UTIs.

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5% 50% 20%-30% None of the above

The urinary system consists of the:

The main organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. The kidneys filter waste and extra fluids from the body, passing them through the ureters into the bladder. The bladder holds urine until it is full and signals the brain when it is time to urinate, with urine exiting the body through the urethra.

Bladder, kidneys, uterus, and urethra. Kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Ovaries, uterus, urethra, and kidneys. Urethra, kidneys, bladder, and vas deferens.

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Journal of the American Medical Association. Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection? Time to Move On.

Medscape – Probiotics in Preventing Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections in Women: A Literature Review.

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